Abstract: Hans Richter’s famous piece Rhythmus 21 is considered to be the first abstract film in the experimental tradition. The Webdriver Torso YouTube channel is composed of hundreds of thousands machine-generated test patterns designed to check frequency signals on YouTube. Could it be argued that, given certain necessary provisions, there exists a lineage connecting Rhythmus 21 and Webdriver Torso? What would it be called? Are we at liberty to discuss the Webdriver Torso channel as an artistic marvel emerging from mathematical abstraction?
Toister, Yanai. “Shapes, Numbers and Algorithms: The Conditions for Abstract Art Today”. xCoAx 2016: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Computation, Communication, Aesthetics and X. (w/ Romi Mikulinsky)